Amazon is rolling out an independent cloud for Europe as it seeks to address strict regulations that companies and those in the public sector face in the European Union.
Amazon Web Services said on Wednesday that its AWS European Sovereign Cloud, which will be located in and operate out of Europe, will have the same security, availability, and performance as existing AWS regions but will be separate from them.
The cloud will let customers keep all metadata they create in the European Union and will have its own billing and usage metering systems.
Max Peterson, vice president of Sovereign Cloud at AWS, said in a written statement: “The AWS European Sovereign Cloud reinforces our commitment to offering AWS customers the most advanced set of sovereignty controls, privacy safeguards, and security features available in the cloud.”
Transatlantic data protection has been a growing concern since the European Union’s top court struck down a data-sharing agreement in 2020 known as Privacy Shield.
The court said at the time that the agreement, which allowed businesses to transfer data to the US under the EU’s strict data privacy rules, was invalid because it did not go far enough to prevent the American government from snooping on user data.
In 2021 Microsoft said it would let business and public sector customers in the European Union keep cloud computing data inside the 27-nation bloc to avert concerns about US government access to sensitive information.
Amazon’s AWS supports 143 security standards and compliance certifications, to help customers meet regulatory requirements.
The company said AWS is collaborating with European regulators and national cybersecurity agencies to build the AWS European Sovereign Cloud so it is able to meet additional data residency, operational autonomy, and resiliency needs in Europe.
Germany will be the first AWS region within the AWS European Sovereign Cloud and will be available to all European customers.
Only EU-resident AWS employees who are located in the EU will have control of the operations and support for the AWS European Sovereign Cloud.
Claudia Plattner, president of the German Federal Office for Information Security, said: “The development of a European AWS cloud will make it much easier for many public sector organisations and companies with high data security and data protection requirements to use AWS services.”
AWS infrastructure in Europe currently includes eight regions in Frankfurt, Ireland, London, Milan, Paris, Stockholm, Spain, and Zurich.
The company plans to launch five more AWS regions in Canada, Germany, Malaysia, New Zealand, and Thailand.